Prevention is most vital part of the eye care. Maintaining eye health in a good shape and getting regular vision screening is most important. Good nutrition is vital to keep your eyes functioning throughout lifetime. Some of the problems associated with eyes are diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, glaucoma, age related eye problems, cataract, Trichiasis and blepharitis. It has been seen that people those who are treated with high dose of Lutein, Zeaxanthin, Beta carotene, Vitamin C and Vitamin E, Zinc oxide and Copper are less susceptible to suffer from age related eye diseases.
In 2001 in a clinical trial, sponsored by the National Eye Institute, found that taking nutraceutical supplements reduced the risk of vision loss caused by advanced age-related macular degeneration or AMD, by about 19 percent. Sometime a perfect blend of supplement might slow down the progression of degeneration of eyes.
Macular Degeneration is one of the common eye problems over 50. It causes reduction of the vision at the center and thinning of the Macula. The macula is the part of the retina responsible for clear vision in your direct line of sight. In Age related Macular Degeneration, the light sensitive layer at the back of the eyes and the blood vessels get damage. Cataract is one of the common causes of vision impairment in elderly people. Oxidation of the lens is a major cause of cataract, which blur the lens. Anti-oxidants are required to reduce the oxidative stress and to reduce the retinal damage. Higher dietary intake of Lutein, Zeaxanthin and Vitamin E significantly reduce the risk of Cataract. Glaucoma, leads to optic nerve damage and visual field loss. Glaucoma is one of the common causes of blindness above the age 65. Common factors associated with primary open-angle glaucoma include diabetes, high degree of myopia, with age, hypertension and a family history of glaucoma. People who are suffering from diabetes, most commonly face with diabetic retinopathy. High blood sugar level mostly damages the small blood vessels of the retina. The blood vessels can swell and leak. Vitamin E might be beneficial for the people with diabetic retinopathy.
Some of the eye issues are itchy eyes, watery eyes, dry eyes, tired eyes, headache, back pain, shoulder pain, increased sensitivity to light, blurred or double vision.
Some of the common causes that lead to the eyes related problems are, straining eyes in dim light, reading books without giving rest to eyes, lack of important vitamins and minerals, exposed to bright light for longer time, staring at digital devices for longer time, free radicals cause damage to eyes and cells of the eyes, the tiny spot in the retina is vulnerable to oxidative stress .
COMPLICATION THAT ARE ASSOCIATED WITH EYE DEGENERATION
1. Vision Loss – Vitamin deficiencies also lead to blindness and that is preventable. Our eyes need multitude of vitamins and minerals in a balanced way to work synchronously and stay healthy for longer time. Deficiency of Vitamin A may lead to night blindness. Even deficiency of vitamin D cause decline of vision.
2. Blurred vision – Lack of vitamin like Vitamin B12 may lead to blurred vision. Lack of vitamins lead to optic nerve damage. The signal that travels from the eyes to the brain moves through the damage nerve, thus lead to the blur vision. Vitamin B12, usually reverse the impairment.
3. Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) – It cause the blurriness in the vision. It mostly happens in the aged people and mostly effect the macula of the eye. Taking regular vitamin containing Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Beta carotene, Lutein, Zeaxanthin reduce the risk of AMD progression. Zinc supplementation is also related to increase lifespan of AMD patient. Vitamin D also helps to reduce amyloid beta bodies, which also increase the risk of AMD.
4. Abnormal Color Vision –The major problem arises with blue and yellow color. Usually, ability of color discrimination decreases with ages. It also includes reduced pupil size and thus allows less light to enter.